Fix: tap-windows adapter v9 error (4 foolproof solutions)

Что такое адаптеры TAP-Windows

TAP-Windows обеспечивает функциональность виртуального устройства TAP в ОС Windows. Он устанавливается в папку C: \ Program Files \ TAP-Windows и требуется для работы программного обеспечения VPN.

Устройства TAP – это устройства ядра виртуальной сети, полностью поддерживаемые программным обеспечением и не поддерживаемые аппаратными сетевыми адаптерами. Драйверы TAP используются для работы устройств TAP и имеют низкоуровневую поддержку ядра для туннелирования Ethernet.

Вам не нужно устанавливать TAP-окна отдельно, так как ваши установщики VPN включают их и устанавливают автоматически вместе с программным обеспечением VPN.

Драйвер TAP-Windows бывает двух типов:

  1. NDIS 6 (TAP-windows6, версия 9.21.x) для Windows 10/8/7/Vista.
  2. Драйвер NDIS 5 (TAP-windows, версия 9.9.x) для Windows XP.

Иногда вы можете столкнуться с проблемами , вызванными этим драйвером. Давайте посмотрим на некоторые из них.

Адаптеры TAP-Windows в этой системе в настоящее время используются

Если вы видите это сообщение или у вашего программного обеспечения VPN возникают проблемы с запуском, вы можете перезапустить адаптер TAP и посмотреть, поможет ли это. Для этого откройте Панель управления> Центр управления сетями и общим доступом> Нажмите «Изменить параметры адаптера», чтобы открыть «Сетевые подключения».

Вы увидите, что одно из локальных подключений будет иметь имя TAP-Windows Adapter . Щелкните правой кнопкой мыши по нему и выберите Отключить . Через несколько секунд снова щелкните его правой кнопкой мыши и выберите Включить . Теперь попробуйте подключиться снова и посмотреть, работает ли он.

Если у вас возникают другие проблемы с запуском вашего программного обеспечения VPN, я предлагаю вам открыть панель управления и оттуда либо восстановить , либо удалить и переустановить программное обеспечение VPN и посмотреть. Во время ремонта/установки будут установлены драйверы TAP.

Если вы хотите удалить, отключить или обновить TAP-Windows, из меню WinX Windows 10, откройте Диспетчер устройств и разверните Адаптеры, вы увидите Адаптер TAP-Windows v9.

Щелкните правой кнопкой мыши на нем, и вам предложат варианты обновить, отключить или удалить драйвер.

В этой системе нет адаптеров TAP-Windows

Если ваше программное обеспечение VPN не находит этот драйвер установленным на вашем компьютере, вы можете получить сообщение «В этом системном сообщении об ошибке отсутствуют адаптеры TAP-Windows». Затем вам нужно будет загрузить его настройки и установить драйвер.

Скачать драйвер адаптера TAP-Windows

Чтобы загрузить файл драйвера TAP-Windows, посетите openvpn.net. Прокрутите вниз, и вы увидите их ссылки для скачивания.

Запустите его установщик. После завершения установки драйвера перезагрузите компьютер и проверьте.

Если ваше Интернет-соединение перестает работать, вы можете удалить этот адаптер и посмотреть, поможет ли это вам. Если это не так, возможно, вам нужно удалить и переустановить последнюю версию этого драйвера заново .

Читать дальше : VPN не работает в Windows 10.

How can I fix OpenVPN not working on Windows 10?

Add an exception to the firewall

  1. Press the Win key, type firewall, and open Firewall & network protection
  2. Click Allow an app through firewall
  3. Click Change settings (you need admin rights)
  4. Search for OpenVPN in this list and check its boxes for Private and Public
  5. If it’s not in this list, click Allow another app to browse and select it

It’s possible that your firewall didn’t whitelist OpenVPN when you installed the client. In that case, you have to manually add an exception for it in the system firewall.

If another application is responsible for your computer’s firewall, make sure to adjust the above settings accordingly.

To quickly test this theory, you can temporarily disable the firewall and check if OpenVPN works properly on Windows 10 now.

But don’t forget to turn it back on since you risk exposing your home network to vulnerabilities.

Whitelist OpenVPN in your antivirus

If your anti-malware application throws errors when you try to use OpenVPN on Windows 10, it could mean that it’s blocking the client or protocol.

However, it’s a false positive. In that case, make sure to add OpenVPN to the whitelist to prevent your antivirus from blocking your VPN.

As in the previous solution, you can quickly test it by temporarily deactivating the real-time detection engine of your anti-malware tool.

But we suggest turning it back on as soon as you finish the test and not leave your computer exposed to malware attacks.

If you’re interested in an anti-malware tool with built-in VPN functionality, check out our best picks.

Use a reliable VPN client with OpenVPN support

If you’re trying and failing to get the OpenVPN to work on Windows 10, consider getting a commercial VPN app that supports the OpenVPN protocol.

And we can’t think of a better option than Private Internet Access (PIA). It automatically makes changes to the system firewall, installs its own TAP adapters, and doesn’t get flagged by anti-malware solutions.

PIA supports the OpenVPN protocol with up to 256-bit military-grade encryption so that you’ll never have to worry about your computer getting hacked.

More about PIA:

  • OpenVPN and WireGuard protocols
  • Split tunneling and kill switch
  • Private DNS servers and DNS leak protection
  • 24/7 live chat support
  • A strict zero-logging privacy policy
  • 30-day money-back guarantee (no free trial)

Reset the TAP adapter

  1. Right-click the Start button and select Device Manager
  2. Expand the Network adapters menu
  3. Look for any TAP drivers, right-click and select Uninstall device
  4. Open the Action menu and select Scan for hardware changes

The OpenVPN client requires a TAP driver to work properly. If its functionality is broken, it could be the reason why OpenVPN is not working on your Windows 10 PC.

However, you can easily fix this by uninstalling the TAP driver from Device Manager – it should get automatically reinstalled.

If you’re using Private Internet Access (buy here), you can effortlessly reinstall the associated TAP drivers from the Help menu.

As a general rule, it’s essential to keep Windows drivers updated to the latest version.

Check if the DHCP service is running

  1. Press the Win key, type services, and open Services
  2. Right-click DHCP Client and select Properties
  3. Set Startup type to Automatic
  4. Click OK

Many OpenVPN users report seeing the Initialization Sequence Completed with errors message on Windows 10.

It signals a problem with the DHCP client, which you can restart using the instructions above.

Flush DNS and reset Winsock

  1. Run Command Prompt as admin: press Ctrl + R, type cmd, hold Ctrl + Shift and press Enter
  2. Copy and paste the next lines (press Enter between each line)

Restart your PC to apply the new changes.

The DNS cache and Winsock configuration are responsible for your computer connectivity.

If they’re not initialized properly, it could be the reason why OpenVPN isn’t working on Windows 10.

Conclusion

To recap, if your OpenVPN configuration fails to work on Windows 10, you can fix this issue by adding an exception to the firewall and whitelisting OpenVPN in your antivirus.

You can also reset the TAP adapter, check if the DHCP service is running, as well as flush your DNS and reset Winsock.

But we suggest opting for a trustworthy VPN like Private Internet Access (buy here). It has built-in support for the OpenVPN protocol, which means that you shouldn’t see any errors anymore.

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Reset Windows 7

  1. Start the computer.
  2. Press and hold the F8 key.
  3. In the Advanced Boot Options menu, choose Repair Your Computer.
  4. Press Enter.
  5. Select a keyboard language and click Next.
  6. If prompted, log in with an administrative account.
  7. At the System Recovery Options, choose System Restore or Startup Repair (if this is available).

To sum up, if you notice that your OpenVPN tap driver fails to install, there are some steps that you can try from our troubleshooting guide.

However, reinstalling the TAP driver and VPN client will usually fix your issue.

In case you have an alternative solution we didn’t mention or any questions regarding the ones we listed, feel free to share it with us, in the comments section below.

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How can I fix the TAP-Windows Adapter v9 error?

Use the Internet Connections Troubleshooter

The easiest fix would be using Windows’ built-in Internet Connections troubleshooter.

This tool can usually fix various connectivity issues, so it might be worth checking out.

Here’s what you need to do:

  1. Press the Win key
  2. Type troubleshoot
  3. Select Available Recommended troubleshooting
  4. Click the Available troubleshooters hyperlink
  5. Select Internet Connections and click Run the troubleshooter
  6. Select Troubleshoot my connection to the internet
  7. Go through the troubleshooting wizard’s steps

Reset the TAP-Windows Adapter Connection

Disabling and re-enabling the TAP adapter driver will (or better yet should) reset its network functions.

Furthermore, it may also fix the TAP-Windows Adapter V9 error and it’s a really simple task.

All you have to do is:

  1. Press the Win key on your keyboard
  2. Type network
  3. Select Network status
  4. Click on the Network and Sharing Center button
  5. Select the Change adapter settings option
  6. Right-click the TAP-Windows Adapter
  7. Select Disable
  8. Right-click the TAP-Windows Adapter once more
  9. Select Enable
  10. Restart your PC and check if there’s any improvement

Reinstall TAP-Windows Adapter and VPN client

The best resolution for the TAP-Windows Adapter V9 error might be to reinstall the driver altogether.

However, considering that most TAP adapter drivers are a dependency for VPN clients, most VPN providers come with their own version.

Thus, it would be easier to just uninstall the TAP driver and your VPN client, and perform a clean install of both services after you’re done.

This is how you should reinstall your TAP driver and VPN client:

  1. Right-click the Start button
  2. Select Device Manager
  3. Expand the Network adapters category
  4. Right-click the TAP-Windows Adapter V9
  5. Click on Uninstall device
  6. Select Uninstall to confirm
  7. Press the Windows key + R key combination
  8. Type appwiz.cpl and press Enter
  9. Select your VPN software in the window
  10. Press the Uninstall button to remove it
  11. Proceed with the uninstallation
  12. Restart your PC shortly after uninstalling both services
  13. Reinstall your VPN software + TAP adapter driver

If you notice that reinstalling your VPN client and TAP adapter driver didn’t work, you might consider switching to a better alternative.

Private Internet Access, for instance, is an excellent VPN service that comes with its own TAP driver.

Furthermore, even if it stops working at some point, you can easily reinstall it directly from the VPN client’s configuration screen.

Reset Windows 10

Apparently, resetting Windows 10 fixes the TAP-Windows Adapter V9 error in most cases.

You can reset Windows 10 and also keep your files. However, you’ll need to reinstall all the apps and drivers, as those will be swept clean from your PC.

Additionally, you’ll lose any configuration you did before resetting your PC.

Granted, this method is one of the most drastic ones, but it also gets the job done most of the time.

Follow these steps to reset your Windows 10 PC:

  1. Press the Win key on your keyboard
  2. Type Reset PC
  3. Click on the Reset this PC option
  4. Select Get started
  5. Press the Keep my files button
  6. Click the Next button
  7. Select the Reset option to proceed
  8. Wait for the process to complete

Conclusion

To wrap things up, if you notice that your TAP-Windows Adapter V9 triggers various connectivity errors, there are some things you could try.

More often than not, reinstalling the TAP driver and VPN client will fix the issue.

However, you may need to go as far as resetting your PC altogether, so buckle up and don’t lose hope.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How can I fix All TAP-Windows adapters are currently in use error?

    If you encounter an error saying that all your TAP-Windows adapters are currently in use, our guide can help you solve it easily.

  • How can I fix the Windows needs the TAP-Win32 adapter name error?

    If your Windows 10 PC prompts you with a Windows needs the TAP-Win32 adapter name error, check out our guide and learn how you can fix it.

  • How do I fix OpenVPN not working on Windows 10?

    If you discover that OpenVPN suddenly stopped working on your Windows 10 PC, check out our guide to solve this problem in no time.

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How can I fix the Windows 7 OpenVPN TAP driver unsigned error?

1. Use the Internet Connections Troubleshooter

  1. Press the Win key.
  2. Type troubleshoot.
  3. Select Available Recommended troubleshooting.
  4. Click the Available troubleshooters’ hyperlink.
  5. Select Internet Connections and click Run the troubleshooter.
  6. Select Troubleshoot my connection to the internet.
  7. Go through the troubleshooting wizard’s steps.

2. Reset the TAP-Windows Adapter Connection

  1. Press the Start button from your taskbar.
  2. Type network in the search box.
  3. Select Network status.
  4. Click on the Network and Sharing Center button.
  5. Select the Change adapter settings option.
  6. Right-click the TAP-Windows Adapter.
  7. Select Disable.
  8. Right-click the TAP-Windows Adapter again.
  9. Select Enable.
  10. Restart your PC and check if the issue still there.

3. Reinstall TAP-Windows Adapter and VPN client

  1. Right-click on the Computer.
  2. Choose Manage.
  3. Expand the Network adapters category.
  4. Right-click the TAP-Windows Adapter V9.
  5. Click on Uninstall device.
  6. Select Uninstall to confirm.
  7. Press the Windows key + R key combination.
  8. Type appwiz.cpl and press Enter.
  9. Select your OpenVPN software.
  10. Click on the Uninstall button to remove it.
  11. Restart your PC shortly after uninstalling both services.
  12. Reinstall your OpenVPN software + TAP adapter driver.

4. Change to a more reliable VPN

If you tried all the previous solutions and still get the windows 7 OpenVPN tap driver unsigned issue, you might consider a better VPN alternative.

Private Internet Access, for instance, is a great VPN service that comes with its own TAP driver.

Furthermore, even if it stops working at some point, you can easily reinstall it directly from the VPN client’s configuration screen.

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